Asperger's Disorder

Description

 

Asperger's Disorder is a developmental disorder that is a part of the Autism Spectrum. It is characterized by impairment in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive or restrictive patterns of thought and behavior. This disorder is usually evident by the age of three. Although similar to Autism, individuals with Asperger's tend to, at least at times, be functioning at a higher level. There are usually no delays with language acquisition on the contrary they have a high level of vocabulary. Many individuals with Asperger's will spend time collecting information on topics that have become of high interest to them. They will then share this information with others, even if it doesn't make sense within the context of the conversation.   

 

Symptoms

 

Impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:

  • marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye contact, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interactions
  • failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
  • lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people
  • lack of social or emotional reciprocity

 

Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:

  • encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
  • apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals
  • stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms
  • persistent preoccupation with parts of objects