To Really Learn, Quit Studying and Take a Test

A recent study published in the journal Science and summarized in the New York Times explored the concept of retrieval memory and found that what we do to try to retain material after we’ve read it makes all the difference.

Which of the following methods do you think would be most effective for retaining information?

1) Reading the material over and over again,

2) concept mapping the material, or

3) taking a test on the material.