drug use

Adolescent Substance Use, Brain Development and Treatment

Adolescent Substance Use, Brain Development, and Psychotherapeutic Change

Adolescence is a critical developmental period that is often associated with behavioral risk-taking and substance use. The prevalence of substance use increases significantly from early to late adolescence and peaks during the transition to adulthood (SAMHSA, 2011). Alcohol use rates increase from 29% to 65% between 8th grade and 12th grade, and similarly illicit drug use increases from 16% to 38% (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2010).

The Impact of Depression in Crack Cocaine Relapse

A study appearing recently in the journal Addiction focused on 261 women who had used crack cocaine and who were going through the experience of drug court. The researchers looked at how these women were or were not affected by depression and if it had any influence on whether or not they returned to drug use afterwards. The results of the study demonstrated that the individuals who were depressed at the time they went to drug court had the greatest chance of using crack cocaine again within a four-month period.