Cyber-bullying has been defined as the “intentional and overt act of aggression toward another person online” (Ybarra & Mitchell, 2004) and includes “harassment and bullying that occurs through email, chat, instant messaging, websites (blogs included), text messaging, videos or pictures posted on websites or sent through cell phones” (David-Ferdon & Hertz, 2009). Cyber-bullying a relatively new form of peer aggression and is not yet well understood in terms of its underlying risk and protective factors. Even though cyber-bullying occurs less often than traditional or non-electronic forms of bullying, it is occurring at problematic levels (Wang, Ianotti, & Nansel, 2009).
Psychotherapy for Adult ADHD
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a relatively common neurobiological disorder of childhood that often has long-term effects on behavior, learning, cognition, and emotional functioning (Brown, 2000). ADHD affects about 3-5% of school-aged children (APA, 2000), and the prevalence in adults is estimated to be around 4-5%. As many as 50-70% of children with ADHD continue to experience clinically significant symptoms in adulthood.
Making Room for Sleep
Sleep plays an important role in the way people think, feel, and behave. There is a lot of scientific evidence that appropriate levels of sleep are necessary for optimal physical (Nixon et al., 2008), cognitive (Nilsson et al., 2005) and emotional functioning (Gregory & Sadeh, 2012).
STANDARD vs. INTENSIVE TREATMENT FOR OCD
OCD AND ITS CURRENT TREATMENT
According to the American Psychiatric Association (1994), OCD is “characterized by recurrent and distressing intrusive thoughts, images, or urges; and by repetitive behaviors or mental acts, which the sufferer feels driven to perform in response to intrusions.” OCD can be highly limiting to sufferers’ everyday functioning, work, and social relationships. Even though there are several different treatment approaches available to treat OCD (behavior therapy and CBT are the most commonly used ones), OCD can be highly treatment resistant.
Psychological Benefits of Pet Ownership
According to the American Pet Product Association (2011), 62% of American households own a pet with yearly spending exceeding $45 billion. There are approximately 77 million dogs and 93 millions cats in the country, clearly indicating that pets are both ubiquitous and important in people’s lives.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Depression
CBT refers to the combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies and has strong empirical support for the treating both mood (i.e.: depression) and anxiety disorders. The basic premise of CBT is that negative emotions cannot be changed directly, therefore it targets thoughts and behaviors that are contributing to distressing emotions.
Making the choice to seek help can be a difficult decision. However, trying to find the right therapist in New York City can make this process even more stressful. Finding the right person who understands your struggles, who is relatable, knowledgeable, educated and experienced, who is financially affordable and available to see new clients can seem like a daunting task.
Social Media Use and Self-Esteem
Social media, especially social networking sites like Facebook, have become increasingly popular and pervasive in recent years. Facebook has over a billion users around the world. Social networking sites allow users to create electronic profiles for themselves, provide details about their life and experiences, post pictures, maintain relationships, plan social events, meet new people, comment on others’ lives, express beliefs, preferences and emotions as well as fulfill belongingness needs (Ivcevic & Ambady, 2012). Social networking sites can also serve as a basis for social comparisons, self-evaluation or self-enhancement (Haferkamp & Kramer, 2011).
Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT)
Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy is a treatment modality developed by Susan Johnson and Leslie Greenberg in the 1980’s. Since then it has gained popularity by therapists and couples alike. The EFT approach is based on the idea that secure emotional bonds are the basis for adult intimacy and successful romantic relationships. EFT is a synthesis of experiential and systemic perspectives and interventions. The goals of therapy is to create a more secure and satisfying bond between two individuals by expressing and reprocessing each partner’s emotional responses that cause negative interactional positions, and shifting these positions towards accessibility and responsiveness.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) – part I
Acceptance and commitment therapy has its roots in behavior therapy, mindfulness and relational frame theory. It associates psychiatric problems with excessive or improper control of verbal processes, known as cognitive fusion; and the avoidance of private experiences, known as experiential avoidance (Hayes et al., 2006). ACT has been endorsed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) as an evidence-based practice. Dozens of studies have been conducted both in the US and abroad that support its effectiveness with a multitude of client concerns.
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