10 Psychological Problems Best Treated by Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy) refers to the combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies and has strong empirical support for the treatment of many psychological disorders. The basic premise of CBT is that negative emotions cannot be changed directly, therefore it targets thoughts and behaviors that are contributing to distressing emotions.
Alcohol Use Disorder in Women
Alcohol use disorders (AUD - alcohol abuse and dependence) are major public health and safety problems. In the US, AUD is more prevalent among men (24.6% abuse, 17.4% dependence) than women (11.5% abuse, 8% dependence) (Keyes, Grant, & Hasin, 2008). However, in the last 70 years, the male to female ratio has decreased from 7:1 to 2:1 for alcohol dependence (Keyes et al., 2008).
In modern day work environments organizations often require their employees to be proactive, show initiative, collaborate effectively with co-workers, be committed to professional development, and pursue high quality performance standards (Bakker & Schaufeli, 2008). With the recent economic recession, downsizings and restructurings, and increased job insecurity for a lot of people, employees often want to invest increasing amount of time and effort into their work (Selmer & Waldstrom, 2007).
Violent Video Games and Aggression
The question whether playing violent video games causes physical aggression has been an important one in research since the 1980s (Cooper & Mackie, 1986). Even though hundreds of studies have been conducted since, the debate about the link between video games and aggression is still ongoing not only in scientific circles but also in politics and the mass media (Bushman & Huesmann, 2014).
Strategies for Parents with Anxious Children
Childhood Anxiety and Symptoms
Imagine the following scenario. Your daughter, Grace, is complaining of a stomach ache in the morning. She seems down and she had trouble sleeping the night before. You check her temperature and everything seems normal. She is not physically ill. And since this has been happening since the beginning of the school year two weeks ago, you suspect that Grace has anxiety.
Psychological Treatment of Eating Disorders – part II
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent binge eating (uncontrolled consumption of large amounts of food), compensatory behaviors to control weight gain (vomiting, laxative abuse, over-exercising), and negative self-evaluation that is unduly determined by body shape and weight. Individuals with bulimia diet in a rigid and dysfunctional manner. Their body weight is usually normal or low, however, bulimia can also occur in overweight individuals. Bulimia is associated with other psychiatric problems such as depression, anxiety, and personality disorders as well as psychosocial impairment.
How to Decrease the Stigmatizing Effects of Fatness
Mental health professionals often see clients with problems related to body size, body image, and obesity. Some of these clients want to lose weight specifically and others have unrelated issues they want to focus on. Should these clients be encouraged to attempt weight loss even if they have a long history of failed diets that resulted in weight regain? Should clients be encouraged to focus on weight-related issues even if it is not their presenting problem?
The Impact of Social Media Use on Social Skills
Engaging in various forms of social media has become a routine daily activity for most children and adolescents. According to a survey, 22% of teenagers log on to their favorite social media site more than 10 times a day and more than half of adolescents log on to a social media site more than once a day (Common Sense Media, 2009). 75% of teenagers own cell phones, and 25% use them for social media, 54% for texting and 24% for instant messaging (Hinduja & Patchin, 2007). Children, ages 8-18, spend over 7.5 hours a day, 7 days a week using media sites outside of school (Rideout, Foehr, & Roberst, 2010).
Psychological Treatments of Eating Disorders – Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is defined by the successful pursuit of thinness through dietary restriction and other measures that usually (but not always) results in lower than average body weight. Patients often report complex feelings and views about their symptoms; they can feel too fat but also feel pride about their thinness and restraint. They are also very fearful of gaining weight, yet over time nearly 50% of anorexia patients succumb to binge eating. Anorexia nervosa typically begins in early adolescence and mostly affects girls and women.
People communicate with each other both verbally and non-verbally. Non-verbal communication includes body language, facial expressions, gestures, stance, etc. Interestingly, when there is a discrepancy between the verbal and non-verbal elements of our communication, we tend to believe the latter. It is, therefore, important to display a consistent way of communicating where verbal and non-verbal aspects are in line. The way we communicate falls into three main categories – aggressive, passive and assertive. These are the three main communication styles. This blog will focus on assertive communication skills as well as pointing out the differences among all three communication styles.
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