Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) – part I
Acceptance and commitment therapy has its roots in behavior therapy, mindfulness and relational frame theory. It associates psychiatric problems with excessive or improper control of verbal processes, known as cognitive fusion; and the avoidance of private experiences, known as experiential avoidance (Hayes et al., 2006). ACT has been endorsed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) as an evidence-based practice. Dozens of studies have been conducted both in the US and abroad that support its effectiveness with a multitude of client concerns.
Predictors of Psychological Adjustment in Adopted Children
A recent study has focused on the factors that predict psychological adjustment in children who were placed for adoption before they were 1.5 years old. The researchers aimed to find out what affected adopted children’s internalizing (sadness, withdrawal) and externalizing symptoms (acting out, defiance).
Prolonged Grief Disorder/Complicated Grief
Process of Grief
Many types of loss can have profound effects on people’s psychological functioning, but the loss of another person through death is probably the most difficult loss most people will have to face during their lifetime. Bereaved individuals often yearn intensely for the lost loved one and can experience sadness, guilt, crying as well as many other symptoms.
Social Anxiety Treatment
Social Anxiety and 3 Dysfunctional Beliefs
Social anxiety, also known as social phobia, is defined as a continuous fear of social situations that might embarrass or expose one to scrutiny (APA, 2000). It is the most common anxiety disorder and one of the world’s largest mental health concerns (Bener, Gholoum, & Dafeeah, 2011). If affected individuals do not receive treatment for social anxiety, they can experience chronic anxiety as well as significant social and occupational disadvantages (Wong, Sarver, & Beidel, 2012).
Domestic Violence/Partner Abuse Treatment
Current Treatment and Assumptions
Whenever a battery/domestic abuse case in brought in front of a court, mandated treatment is usually part of the sentence in every jurisdiction of the United States (Dankwort & Austin, 1999). The most common model of treatment in state-sanctioned programs is called the Duluth model. It is a 12-52-week mandatory intervention following arrest that presumes battery to be a male offense influenced in large part by patriarchal values.
INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE – CHARACTERISTICS OF ABUSERS AND VICTIMS
Partner abuse is a worldwide problem; between 10% and 50% of all women report having been abused by their intimate partners at some point in their lives (World Health Organization, 2001). In the US, intimate partner violence is reported by 1.5 million women and 800,000 men (Gondolf & Jones, 2002). In addition, there are many more cases that are unreported to the police, mental health professionals and even researchers. Victimization is often kept secret due to embarrassment, fear of retaliation by the perpetrator, the wish to avoid legal intrusions into their lives, and the belief that abuse is unavoidable and universal.
Worrying vs. Problem-Solving
Worrying is simply a negative thought process. When we worry, we usually focus on worst-case scenarios, and possible future problems. These negative thoughts often play in our minds like an IPod on shuffle. And even though we keep on focusing on these future ‘terrible things’, we are too anxious to think clearly and find real solutions. Instead, we just dwell in our worst fears. So worrying makes us anticipate and fear things that are unlikely to happen in the future, yet it leaves us unprepared to deal with any real problems.
Problem-solving, however, is different.
Infidelity and Couple Therapy Outcomes 5 Years Following Therapy
Infidelity is a common marital problem in the United States, with prevalence rates estimated between 20-40% (Atkins, Baucom, & Jacobson, 2001). Approximately 42% of all divorcees reported more than one extramarital affair during the course of their marriages (Janus & Janus, 1993). Infidelity is linked to increased marital distress, conflict and divorce (Amato & Rogers, 1997).
Paternal Post-Partum Depression
Post-partum depression has long been identified as a serious condition after the birth of a child. There has been extensive research on maternal post-partum depression, which has revealed many predictors (Beck, 2001). However, there have not been a lot of studies conducted on what causes fathers’ post-partum depression. From the little data available, it seems that maternal post-partum depression is the strongest predictor of paternal post-partum depression (Paulson & Bazemore, 2010).
Traditional Sports Psychology for College Athletes
College student athletes are a unique group in terms of being at increased risk for emotional and behavioral difficulties (Proctor & Boan-Lenzo, 2010).
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