How Can We Overcome Social Anxiety?
Do you feel anxious or self-conscious in social situations? Are you shy to the point that if prevents you from engaging with people at work or other social settings? Do you find yourself worrying about what others may think of you? Do you hate being the center of attention because you think everyone notices how nervous you are? Do you find it hard to participate in conversations because you fear that you won’t have anything to contribute or people will find you boring or uninteresting?
Effective Tips to Stop Emotional Eating
We have all been there… We had a long and stressful day at work, with no time to eat a proper lunch, fought our way through the crowds to get home, the house is a mess, and there is a list of things that need to be taken care of before bedtime. We somehow find ourselves craving junk food – pizza, chips, ice cream, chocolate, etc. “I just need to take a break”, we tell ourselves and before we know it, we had devoured large amounts of junk food and feel stuffed and guilty. We call this emotional eating or stress eating.
Childhood Anger Management
What is anger?
Anger is an emotional response to situations that are perceived as threatening or offensive to oneself or others close to them (Lazarus, 1991). Anger has an evolutionary purpose and can be a useful emotion because it motivates us for action and focus our resources towards the threatening or offensive event (Goleman, 1995). Anger is part of the “fight or flight” response as it creates arousal to attack the source of the threat. Unfortunately, many children can have trouble controlling their anger, and when it becomes intense and uncontrolled, it can lead to aggression and conduct problems (Lochman, Dunn, & Wagner, 1987).
Tips to Help Children with School Anxiety
As the summer comes to an end and the beginning of the school year approaches many children experience some level of anxiety. While all of us experience anxiety sometimes and it is perfectly natural, when it reaches a level where it interferes with our child’s functioning, their ability to participate in age-appropriate activities or makes them isolated and fearful, it is time to do something about it.
Adolescent Substance Use, Brain Development, and Psychotherapeutic Change
Adolescence is a critical developmental period that is often associated with behavioral risk-taking and substance use. The prevalence of substance use increases significantly from early to late adolescence and peaks during the transition to adulthood (SAMHSA, 2011). Alcohol use rates increase from 29% to 65% between 8th grade and 12th grade, and similarly illicit drug use increases from 16% to 38% (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2010).
Psychological Adjustment Following the Mass Shooting at Virginia Tech
Conservation of Resources Theory
Unfortunately, many people will experience some kind of traumatic event in their lifetime. Often it is a private experience such as abuse or assault. Sometimes, however, traumatic events can affect whole communities or even countries. Recent examples for this are terrorist attacks, school shootings and the church shooting in Charleston. Research shows that following a traumatic event, recovery is largely influenced by the losses and gains of valued resources for individuals.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
ODD is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health conditions in childhood. It is defined as a recurrent pattern of developmentally inappropriate levels of negativistic, defiant, disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority figures. ODD is diagnosed if these behaviors are present for at least 6 months and they negatively impact the child’s social, academic, and/or occupational functioning (DSM-V). The prevalence rate for ODD is estimated to be around 3% in the US.
Non-suicidal self-injury is the direct and deliberate destruction of one’s own body tissue without the intent to die (Lloyd-Richardson, Perrine, Dierker, & Kelley, 2007). Unfortunately, self-injury is a pervasive and dangerous problem among adolescents. The average age of onset for self-injury is 12 years old, however, it has been reported in children as young as 6 years old (Nock & Prinstein, 2004). Even though self-injury often starts in childhood/adolescence, it often persists into adulthood as well.
10 Psychological Problems Best Treated by Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy) refers to the combination of cognitive and behavioral therapies and has strong empirical support for the treatment of many psychological disorders. The basic premise of CBT is that negative emotions cannot be changed directly, therefore it targets thoughts and behaviors that are contributing to distressing emotions.
Alcohol Use Disorder in Women
Alcohol use disorders (AUD - alcohol abuse and dependence) are major public health and safety problems. In the US, AUD is more prevalent among men (24.6% abuse, 17.4% dependence) than women (11.5% abuse, 8% dependence) (Keyes, Grant, & Hasin, 2008). However, in the last 70 years, the male to female ratio has decreased from 7:1 to 2:1 for alcohol dependence (Keyes et al., 2008).
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